Rounding numbers to decimal places involves counting the required number of decimal places after the decimal point; then checking the next decimal place to determine whether any rounding is required.
For example, giving 0.54603 to two decimal places would initially be 0.54: the following (third) decimal place is a 6, so the number is rounded up to 0.55.
Examples of rounding to decimal places:
1. An experiment in a physics lab has shown that the force required to move an object was 2.466 Newtons. What is this force measured to 1 decimal place (1 dp)?
Answer: 2.5 Newtons
The number is 2.4 to 1dp; check the following digit (6). As it is greater than 5 then round the number up.
2. Charlie bought a book for £10. It had `frac(1)(3)` off because it was in a sale. How much did Charlie pay?
The purchase price is 10 x `frac(2)(3)` = 6.66666 recurring, or `6.dot6`. Round to 2 decimal places (for pence) gives 6.67. The implication to round to 2 decimal places is given by the use of pounds and pence.