Negative Scale Factors

Negative Scale Factors

GCSE(H),

An enlargement using a negative scale factor will cause the enlargement to appear on the other side of the centre of enlargement; and will be inverted (upside down). The shape will also change size depending on the value of the enlargement.

In the above example, shape A has been mapped onto shape B with a scale factor of -1. Note that the ray lines pass through centre of enlargement to invert the shape.

Examples

1. Describe fully the transformation that maps shape A onto shape B.

Answer: Enlargement, scale factor -2, centre of enlargement (2, 5)

The shape has changed size, so it is an enlargement.

Draw ray lines between the matching vertices. The ray lines cross at the centre of enlargement (2,5). The shape is twice the size of the original, scale factor 2; as it has been inverted and the enlargement is on the opposite side of the centre of enlargement the scale factor is -2.

2. Shape X is mapped onto shape Y with a scale factor of -0.5, with a centre of enlargement at (5, 5). Show Shape Y.