GCSE(F), GCSE(H),

There are a number of **Transformations** that can change the position and size of a shape.

A shape is rotated by turning it. To describe a **Rotation**, the following information is required:

the **Centre of Rotation**; the shape is turned around that point;

the amount of turn, which might be in degrees or given as a fraction;

the **Direction of Rotation**, which will be either **Clockwise** or **Anticlockwise**.

A rotation is only **fully described** if all three pieces of information are given (if a rotation is 180º, or a half-turn, the direction is not required as it does not matter in which direction the shape is rotated). Note that a rotated shape is congruent to the original shape.

1. Rotate the shape A 90º anticlockwise, with a centre of rotation at (1, 1).

Answer:

2. Describe fully the transformation that moves shape A onto shape B.

Answer: The transformation is a rotation.

It is rotated 180º.

The centre of rotation is (0, 0)

Because the shape is turned 180º, it does not matter whether the shape is rotated clockwise or anticlockwise.

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