Surface Area of a Cuboid

Surface Area of a Cuboid

GCSE(F), GCSE(H),

Each face on a cuboid consists of an area. The Surface Area of a cuboid is the total of all the areas on each face added together. The same area is obtained when a net of the shape is created.

A cuboid has 6 surfaces: a front and back, a left and right, and a top and bottom. Each pair of surfaces has the same area.

Calculate the area for each surface, then add the areas together for the total surface area. It is important to include all the surfaces, including any hidden surfaces.

Note that the surface area, like all areas, is a square unit e.g. cm2, m2.

Examples

1. What is the surface area of a cuboid that is 5cm wide, 4cm tall and 9 cm long?

Answer: 202 cm2

Work out the area of each surface:

Front:4x5=20
Back:4x5=20
Left:4x9=36
Right:4x9=36
Top:5x9=45
Bottom:5x9=45
TOTAL202

2. A cube has a surface area of 1000cm2. If the width is 10cm, and the height is 10cm, what is its length?

Answer: 20 cm

The surface area is given by the area of each side

Surface area = front + back + left + right + top + bottom

1000 = (10 x 10) + (10 x 10) + (10 x x) + (10 x x) + (10 x x) + (10 x x)

1000 = 100 + 100 + 10x + 10x + 10x + 10x

1000 = 200 + 40x

800 = 40x

x = 20