A **bearing** is the amount of turn *clockwise* from the North direction. The amount of turn is given as an angle and in degrees.

North is shown with a vertical line. At the top of the line is either a diamond shape or the letter N.

A bearing is always given as a three-digit number. For numbers less than 100, use zeroes (0) at the front of the number to make three digits.

A bearing is described as *to* a point *from* a point. For example: the bearing *to a ship from a lighthouse*. The angle is measured at the lighthouse (the *from*), and is the angle between North and the ship:

A **reciprocal bearing** is a bearing taken from the other point. A reciprocal bearing is 180º different to the original bearing.

What is the bearing of the ship from the lighthouse?

This is a line from the lighthouse to the ship. Measure the angle between North and the line.

Measure the angle. A bearing must be three digits, so a 0 is required at the front of the angle.

Answer: 055º

What is the reciprocal bearing of the lighthouse from the ship?

The reciprocal bearing is 180º different to the original bearing. 55 + 180 = 235º.

It is always worth drawing or sketching the bearing to check that the answer is sensible.

Answer: 235º

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