An arc is a fraction of the circumference of a circle.
The amount of the circumference that is the arc is given by the number of degrees at the centre.
The circumference of the whole circle is given by `2pir`, and the angle at the centre is 360º.
If the angle of the arc is 83º, then the fraction is `frac(83)(360)` of a whole circle:
The arc length is therefore `frac(83)(360) xx 2pir`.
Note that if the perimeter of the sector is required, then include the two radii: `frac(83)(360) xx 2pir + 2r`.
The area of a whole circle is `pir^2`. The area of a sector uses the same fraction: `frac(83)(360) xx pir^2`.
What is the area of the sector, shown below?
|Area of a circle||A||`= pir^2`|
|Area of this sector||A||`= frac(70)(360) xx pir^2`|
|Substitute||A||`= frac(70)(360) xx pi xx 12^2`|
Answer: 87.9 cm2
What is the length of the perimeter of the sector shown below? Give your answer to 1 decimal place.
|Perimeter of a circle||P||`= 2pir`|
|Perimeter of a sector||P||`= frac(70)(360) xx 2pir + 2r`|
|Substitute||P||`= frac(70)(360) xx 2pi(12) + 2(12)`|
|`= 14.65 + 24`|
|round to 1dp||`= 38.7`|
Answer: 38.7 cm