A **Mixed Number** consists of an **integer part** and a **fraction part**. They are written with the integer part first, then the fraction part.

A Mixed number can be re-written as a **top-heavy fraction**, or **improper fraction**.

When calculating with fractions, turn a mixed number into an improper fraction, carry out the calculation, and then turn the answer back into a mixed number.

To turn a mixed number into an improper fraction, multiply the integer part by the denominator and add this value to the numerator. The denominator stays the same:

`3frac(2)(5)=frac((3times5) + 2)(5) = frac(17)(5)`

To turn an improper fraction into a mixed number, divide the numerator by the denominator. The answer is the integer part; the remainder is the new numerator and the denominator remains the same.

Simplify `frac(26)(8)`

26 ÷ 8 = 3 rem 2

The 3 is the integer part.

The 2 is the numerator.

The 8 is the denominator.

Then simplify the fraction part.

`frac(26)(8) = 3frac(2)(8) = 3frac(1)(4)`

Answer: `3frac(1)(4)`

Calculate `1frac(3)(8) xx 5`.

`1frac(3)(8) xx frac(5)(1)`

`= frac([1 xx 8] + 3)(8) xx frac(5)(1)`

`= frac(11)(8) xx frac(5)(1)`

`= frac(55)(8)`

`= 55÷8 = 6rem 7`

`= 6frac(7)(8)`

Answer: `6frac(7)(8)`

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