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Standard Units

Standard Units

You might need to switch between different standard units: for example, moving from centimetres to metres. The table below shows the relationship between standard units.

When calculating larger changes: for example, changing kilometres to centimetres, it is often easier to carry out the calculation in two steps: change the kilometres to metres, then change the metres to centimetres.

time 60 seconds in a minute 60 minutes in an hour 24 hours in a day
calendar 7 days in a week see below for days in a month 12 months in a year see below for days in a year
length 10mm in a centimetre (cm) 100cm in a metre (m) 1000m in a kilometre (km)
area 100mm2 in a square centimetre 10 000cm2 in a square metre 1 000 000m2 in a square kilometre
volume 1 000mm3 in 1cm3 1 000 000cm3 in a cubic metre
capacity 1000ml in a litre
mass 1000g in a kilogram (kg) 1000kg in a tonne

In a Leap Year (2016, 2020, 2024, 2028), the year is 366 days long and February has 29 days. All other years are 365 days long and February has 28 days. April, June, September and November are each 30 days long: the remaining months are each 31 days long.

Example 1

How many centimetres are in 4.25km?

Change 4.25km to metres by multiplying by 1000 (1000m in a km) = 4.25 x 1000 = 4250m.

Change 4250m to cm by multiplying by 100 (100cm in a m) = 4250 x 100 = 425 000cm.

Answer: 425,000

Example 2

How many complete hours are there in 1 000 000 seconds?

Divide 1 000 000 by 60 to get minutes (60 minutes in an hour) = 16,667 minutes.

Divide 16,667 by 60 to get hours (60 minutes in an hour) = 277.78 hours.

The question asked for complete hours, so 277 hours.

Answer: 277 days